The central air conditioner’s function is often misconstrued, as quite a few people believe it adds cool air to your home where in fact is actually draws the warmth out of the air. The room has quite a bit less heat, making the room feel significantly cooler to people. The A/C takes advantage of the effect of evaporation, similar to how a swab of alcohol makes a person’s skin feel cooler as the liquid evaporates. To help people better understand, we at NY NJ A/C Connection would like to share the basics of how the central air conditioner in your New York home operates.
Basic Components of Central Air Conditioning System
A chemical known as refrigerant, which is found in every air conditioner, has a unique ability to change from a gas to a liquid in a short amount of time. The refrigerant is pumped into the unit. Additional primary components found in the air conditioner is the compressor, condenser, expansion valve, and a thermostat. To circulate the conditioned air, thin metal fins allow heat to dissipate quickly with the motorized fans. The heaviest part in the air conditioner is the compressor because it has to be durable enough to withstand a significant amount.
Role of Refrigerant in Central Air Conditioner
The process of cooling down a space starts with the refrigerant entering the compressor in liquid form, which is generally located at the bottom of the unit. In its gas form, the refrigerant pushes the refrigerant through the compressor’s inner chamber where it is heated and pressurized. A series of condensing coils, where the hot gas goes through, like a car’s radiator dissipating heat from the engine coolant. By the end of the process, the refrigerant has transformed into liquid form and is significantly cooler, by the time the refrigerant reaches the end of the coils. In order for it be forced through the expansion valve, a very tiny opening, the liquid refrigerant is still under high pressure. While traveling through another set of coils the refrigerant begins to evaporate, as it needs much lower temperatures to do so than water. As the evaporation process occurs the air contained in the room and all surrounding air, removes the heat. From the unit’s fan blowing across metal fins placed over these coils, the cooling sensation is created.
Thermostat Function in Central AC
Just after the liquid refrigerant has become a cold gas again and re-enters the compressor, the entire process begins again until a thermostat registers a specific temperature and shuts off the compressor. To create more of the hot pressurized gas when the room warms up, the thermostat senses the added heat and the compressor kicks back on. At some point, the compressor will shut itself off again when the temperature of the room equals the cooling power of the air conditioner.
Central Air Conditioning Services in Greater Manhattan, New York
No matter what services your air conditioner unit in your New York home requires, whether replacing, installation, maintenance, or repair services, the specialists of NY NJ A/C Connection are ready to deliver quality HVAC services.