How Does a Central Air Conditioner Work to Cool House & Make Rooms Feel Cooler in Upper East Side, NY?

As a common misconception, most people think that the air conditioner pushes cool air into space, however, the air conditioner is actually responsible for pulling hot air out of the space. The room feels significantly cooler to people when the room has quite a bit less heat. Similar to how a swab of alcohol makes a person’s skin feel cooler as the liquid evaporates, the air conditioner’s advantage of the effect of evaporation. We at NY NJ AC Connection would like to discuss the fundamentals of how your air conditioner in your New York home functions.

What is a Central Air Conditioner & How Does it Work?

Found in every air conditioner is a chemical referred to as refrigerant. Refrigerant has a unique ability to change from a gas to a liquid in a short amount of time which is pumped into the unit. The compressor, expansion valve, condenser and a thermostat are the primary components found in the air conditioner. In order to allow heat to dissipate quickly with the motorized fans, the thin metal fins circulate the conditioned air. Because it has to be durable enough to withstand a significant amount, the heaviest part in the air conditioner is the compressor. Usually, it is generally located at the bottom of the unit is the compressor, where the process of cooling down a space starts with the refrigerant entering the compressor in liquid form. The refrigerant pushes the refrigerant through the compressor’s inner chamber where it is heated and pressurized in its gas form. The hot gas goes through a series of condensing coils, much like a car’s radiator dissipating heat from the engine coolant. By the time the refrigerant reaches the end of the coils, the refrigerant has transformed into liquid form and is significantly cooler, towards the end of the process. The liquid refrigerant is still under high pressure in order for it be forced through the expansion valve, a very tiny opening. Being that it needs much lower temperatures to do so than water while traveling through another set of coils the refrigerant begins to evaporate. To remove the heat, the evaporation process occurs the air contained in the room and all surrounding air. The cooling sensation is created from the unit’s fan blowing across metal fins placed over these coils.

What is the Cycle of Air Conditioning?

The entire process begins again until a thermostat registers a specific temperature and shuts off the compressor just after the liquid refrigerant has become a cold gas again and re-enters the compressor. With the thermostat sensing the added heat and the compressor kicks back, it creates more of the hot pressurized gas when the room warms up. When the temperature of the room equals the cooling power of the air conditioner, the compressor will shut itself off again as some point.

Central Air Conditioner Installation, Repair, Maintenance & More in Manhattan, New York

The specialists of NY NJ AC Connection are ready to deliver quality services, whether replacing or installing, maintenance, or repair services, no matter what services your air conditioner unit in your New York home requires. We are readily available to assist you with your air conditioning service needs. Call us today!

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